What is Thyroid and Problems of Thyroid?
Thyroid is a small gland and it looks like a butterfly-shaped that lies below of your Adam’s apple. It produces thyroid hormones and it controls daily activities of your day like the functioning of metabolism, growth, development and controlling the body temperature. The hormone travels all over the body through blood. If we have any issues with the thyroid gland functioning then we will face some severe problems in the future. Thyroxine is the hormone produced by the gland which is also called T4. Therefore, T4 transformed into the most active hormone ie. T3(triiodothyronine).
The functioning of the thyroid gland is regulated by the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain. If thyroid hormone levels are high or low it will manage and release the hormone. Similarly, thyroid problems will occur if the pituitary gland won’t work.
Symptoms of Thyroid | Thyroid Problems
Thyroid affects females more when compared with males. Among eight in one woman are affected by this problem. Common symptoms are found with the thyroid are:-
- Thyroid cancer
- Goiter Cause
- During Pregnancy
Hyperthyroidism means the thyroid gland cannot produce a sufficient amount of hormone to the body and produces more than usually. It depends upon the pituitary gland. Similarly, the symptoms begin slowly. After some time the effects will appear on metabolism some are:-
- Suddenly change on your weight
- Feeling cold or hot when other peoples do not
- Muscles loosen up
- Increasing in Blood pressure
- Menstrual bleeding
- Cannot focus on something
- More sweating than as usual
Thyroid cancer is more common in adult women more than youth or men. We can see two-thirds of cases notice under the age of 55. We can cure it only on early ages of cancer otherwise the survival rate is also less.
Goiter will make thyroid large and it makes swelling of hormones or stops producing the hormone. If it’s working fine it comes back to normal size. Goiter can form only in a short time. It won’t need any treatment. If it’s not a goiter better you may consult a good doctor.
Nodules are similar to Goiter, they also do swelling. They can form like solid, filled with fluid or blood. It affects the thyroid to produce more hormones T4 and T3. These tissues can examine by a doctor by touching the neck. If they seem problematic they have to go for surgery. Nervousness, high blood pressure, pale skin, and weight loss are symptoms of Nodules.
During pregnancy, there is more chance to get affected by thyroid on women and children. Here we have more chances in the increase in hypothyroidism during the pregnancy. It causes more problems like the mental and physical development of babies.
How to diagnose the Thyroid
The thyroid can only find out by running some blood tests. The reports can be given by measuring TSH value in blood. If TSH value is lower than 0.4mU/L we call it hypothyroidism. If TSH value is normal that means you have some lack of immune power in your body. Similarly, by knowing TSH value in thyroid test we can say you have thyroid problems or not. If TSH values are normal then you have problems in the Pituitary gland.
How to take treatment and curing
Hyperthyroidism can prevent by taking some thyroid medication prescribed by your family doctor. Taking a second chance is also a good matter in every aspect. By taking surgery or using some anti-thyroid medications are good decisions. Therefore, in many cases, there is no need to go far like surgery. If you are suspicious about anything go for some blood tests and clear your thyroid problems. And no need to afraid of anything every problem will be cured through medication.